The province of Surigao del Sur, being located near the coastal areas, has been endowed with numerous natural resources and so does the town of Cantilan. It is one of the few towns in Surigao del Sur which had long preserved its natural resources.
Cantilan is rich both in land, water and mineral resources. Its bountiful terrains are conducive for farming. Agriculture, being one of the main sources of living by the inhabitants of Cantilan, is flourishing because of the richness of the town’s land resources. There are various agricultural estates in the different barangays of Cantilan which includes but is not limited to rice, corn, and coconut plantations.
The town also values its rich water resources which are spread out all over the different barangays of Cantilan. The town has a rich sea and various rivers favorable for fishing. Fishing has also been regarded as one of the primary sources of livelihood by the people of Cantilan. Moreover, the town also possesses lots of fish ponds and fish pens which likewise contribute to the source of income of the town.
It has also just been recently discovered as well that the town of Cantilan is rich in mineral resources as well. A group of miners had proposed a mining operation which could provide large-scale job opportunities to the townspeople however, some Cantilangnons especially those in the poblacion areas strongly object to such a mining operation. The people of Cantilan firmly believe that the resources of the town be preserved for the upcoming generations. This indeed is an issue which has posed a lot of debates and divergence to the people of Cantilan.